The sites of Stone Age in India are Kondapur, Nevasa, Mehrgarh, Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka, and Edakkal Caves.
Such sites were known as habitation sites. Some of these sites were near the places where the stone was easily available and where the people could make stone implements. Such was the importance given to the stone tools. These sites came to be known as habitation cum factory sites.
The excavations carried out in Nevasa throw light on the Palaeolithic period. Excavation was started here as long back as in 1954. Nevasa lies on the bank of Penganga, a tributary of the Godavari in Maharashtra. From here different tools of the early, middle and later Palaeolithic period have been found. All this shows Nevasa as a popular habitation of the Palaeolithic people for a very long time.
Stone Age artefacts have been found so far:
Man by nature is weaker than animals like tigers, elephants, etc. He has neither sharp teeth nor claws or horns. Hence groups of men, women and children lived and moved together. They moved in small groups because it was safer to belong to a group than move alone.
They used sharp stones to make knives, axe heads and choppers, etc to kill animals, to remove their skins, to fell trees, to dig the earth and to shape wood and stone. As a result, this period, when these people lived on earth is known as the Stone Age.
Some stone tools and artefacts of the Stone Age are the following:-
Hand axe- It was a pear shaped tool with sharp edges on all the sides. It was used for cutting certain objects or for smashing certain things.
Chopper- It was made by sharpening the inner edge of the stone. It was mainly used for chopping meat.
Cleaver- It had a wide chisel type edge to cut other stones or small branches of the trees.
Scraper- It was used to clean or scrap the skins of animals.
Budge- It was used to dig deep holes in the earth.
Arrow head- It was used to kill running animals.