Ancient Indian Achievements in Education Astronomy: India can be attributed for contributing substantially in diverse fields like mathematics, science, astronomy etc. It has truly been a torchbearer in the field of numerous inventions and discoveries. As a matter of fact, Albert Einstein once said, “We owe a lot to the Indians, who taught us how to count, without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have been made.”

Ancient Indian Achievements in Education Astronomy


The world’s first university was established in Takshila in 700BC. Takshila was the world’s first college. Like colleges today, many topics were taught, some of them were warfare, archery, math, and science. There was also a fee to go to Takshila. If the students couldn’t pay they could work for their teachers. It was up to the teachers what the student had to do.

As a result of Takshila being a very good school, they had many scientific achievements. More than 10,500 students from all over the world studied over 60 subjects. Subsequently, the University of Nalanda was built in the 4th century BC. This University was one of the greatest achievements of ancient India in the field of education.

Ancient Indian Achievements in Education Astronomy
Takhsila University

India witnessed several scientific achievements. One person that had many achievements was Aryabhata. He lived in the 6thcentury. The achievement that he was most known for was the theory that the earth goes around the sun. Another one of his achievements was he came up with the theory of how the universe was created. Because of Aryabhata India also had mathematical achievements.


The various mathematical and scientific achievements also paved the way to great architecture. In India, there were many large temples.

Ancient Indian Achievements in Education Astronomy
Mauryan Architecture

The temples were made out of huge pieces of rock cut by hand. They also had extensive planning in the buildings so that they would last and look good.


The art of Navigation was born in the river Sindh 6000 years ago. The very word ‘Navigation’ is derived from the Sanskrit word NAVGATIH. The word navy is also derived from Sanskrit ‘Nou’.


Bhaskaracharya calculated the time taken by the earth to orbit the sun hundreds of years before the astronomer Smart. Time is taken by earth to orbit the sun: 365.258756484 days. Apart from the peoples of the Mayan civilization, the ancient Hindus also appear to be the only people who even thought beyond a few thousand years.

Ancient Indian Achievements in Education Astronomy

Hindu scriptures refer to time scales that vary from ordinary earth day and night to the day and night of the Brahma that are a few billion earth years long.

Earth goes around the sun: Aryabhata, it so happens, was apparently quite skeptical of the widely held doctrines about eclipses and also about the belief that the Sun goes around the Earth. As early as the sixth century, he talked of the diurnal motion of the earth and the appearance of the Sun going around it.