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Ancient India Cities Names



Some of these ancient cities which existed in India can be stated as under:

Aror - This place is located 8 km east of Rohri in present day Sindh, Pakistan. It served as the ancient capital of Sindh and was once located on the banks of Indus River. The city was once the prime nucleus centre of commerce and trade. The main languages spoken by the people here in Aror were Hindi, Urdu, Punjabi and Sindhi. The religions followed by the people of Aror were Hinduism, Islam and Sikhism.

Kannauj - Kannauj was one of the most beautiful ancient cities in India. This city was ruled by different rulers. The city was described as, "a city which raised its head to the skies and which in strength and beauty might boast of being unrivalled." Kanauj persistently served as a place of immense historical significance. The city had, much later, become a new district of the Uttar Pradesh Province on September 18, 1997.

Bairat - This place was a highly celebrated and momentous town in the northern Jaipur District of Rajasthan. It is located 52 km north of Jaipur and 66 km west of Alwar.

Kalibangan - Kalibangan was a town situated in Hanumangarh district of Rajasthan. The town was located upon the banks of Ghaggar River. This ancient city of India, Kalibangan has been since long considered, as the third important city amongst all the excavated Harappan sites, under the Indus-Sarasvati Valley Civilization.

The word `Kalibangan` was derived from two words namely `Kala` and `bhangan.` While Kali stands for black, bhangan implies bangle. The city had received its name from the innumerable pieces of terracotta bangles which were excavated here, and to be preserved forever.

Sravasti was a Buddhist religious and research centre, located in the Gonda district of Uttar Pradesh. This ancient Indian city owns the supreme honor of sheltering Buddha for 24 rainy seasons in the Jetvana Gardens.

Sagala is believed to be the modern day Sialkot, located in northern Punjab. Sagala is a part of the present day Pakistan. Sagala had once served as a great centre of trade and commerce, filled with promising business prospects.

Sitanagaram, again, was a small and humble and ancient site located in the Guntur district of India.

Hansi is a town in the Hisar District of Haryana in India. The ancient Indian city of Hansi was unique because it possessed as many as 5 gates to enter Delhi. They majestically incorporate the Delhi Gate at the East, Hisar gate at the West, Gosain gate at North-West, Barsi Gate at South and Umra gate in the south west direction. The most crucial trait of this town was that, the altitude increases gradually as one enters Delhi city from any of the gates.

Kumbhoj was the name of an ancient town located in the Kolhapur district of Maharashtra.

Kalpi, an ancient city of India situated in the Jalaun district of Uttar Pradesh. This place seized stronghold from its sisterly counterparts. This was because Kalpi was conceived as the birthplace of sage Ved Vyasa, who had splendidly authored Mahabharata. The city of Kalpi is also renowned for its art of paper making.

Bhinmal was a town situated in the Jalore district of Rajasthan and once served as the capital of ancient Gujarat. The earlier name of Bhinmal was Bhillamala. In particular instances, Bhinmal was, also acknowledged as Sriaml.

Tamralipta was the name of yet another decisive ancient city in India, situated on the Bay of Bengal, presently forming a part of West Bengal. Now the place is however known as Tamluk. Tamluk derived its name from the Sanskrit word Tamra Lipta meaning "Full of Copper".

Urayur was a city located in Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu. The word Urayur in Tamil stands for "the residence".

Dwaraka was a very ancient and very regal ancient Indian city. It was situated in the state of Gujarat. According to Hindu mythology, Dwarka was the dwelling place of Lord Krishna. The meaning of the word Dwarka implied a "door".

Ujjain is another such city which is located on the banks of river Shipra in Madhya Pradesh.

Osian or Osiyan was an ancient city in India which is approximately located at a distance of 65 km from Jodhpur in Rajasthan. The city housed a number of temples and is presently a famous tourist spot. Osian gathered admiration and attraction, due to it being considered as an oasis amidst the desert of Rajasthan.

Bayana was another such town in the Bharatpur district of Rajasthan. The ancient name of the city was Sripatha or Sriprashtha or Shantipura. The city is claimed to have been discovered rather accidentally by an asura named Banasur.

Chunar was located in the Mirzapur District of Uttar Pradesh state. Chunar is well-known and intimately in style for its pottery work, especially clay toys.

Apart from the above, some of the other equally legendary ancient cities in India which are also respected for its excavation finds and historical wonders include Sopara, Agroha, Kurukshetra, Paithan, Vallabhi, Kalinjar and Tirunelveli.


This site covers all areas for Ancient Indian History for kids. There are several essays to refer to for your school history study. We start off with ancient India timeline, various ancinet empires like the Mauryan empire and the Gupta empire. You will find information about ancient Indian society and culture, rulers, wars, costumes and several such facinating subjects. History of ancient India for kids is quite fascinating and long.