Ancient India Aliens Stories Rakshasas Nagas Suparnas Vanaras
Rakshasas - Rakshasas were described to have large bodies. This was probably due to their continuous life in cold climates over snow-covered mountains.
Rakshasas could be one of these species of humans similar to the Neanderthals of Europe and other places in Asia where temperature was very low.
Some of the famous Rakshasas were:
Ravana was the most famous Rakshasa in Ancient India. They ruled from the Trikuta mountains of Lanka where the climatic conditions were similar to Himalayas. He rose to the status of an emperor and exerted his direct control from Srilanka up to the south of Vindhya ranges in India. Apart from this, he indirectly also controlled the kingdoms beyond.
Ghatotkacha was another such Rakshasa. He was the son of Pandava Bhima and the Rakshasa woman Hidimba. Rakshasa Ghatotkacha's kingdom was in Himalaya between Gangotri and Kailasa. The forefathers of Ravana also lived here along with the Yakshas.
The Yaksha king Vaisravana was the elder brother of Rakshasa king Ravana. Ravana had many sons among Gandharva wives. The two epics Mahabharata and Ramayana and many Puranas attest that Rakshasas, Yakshas and Gandharvas were related and had inter-marriages.
The famous Rakshasa kingdoms in India were:
1. Lanka Kingdom, ruled by Rakshasa emperor Ravana
2. Danda Kingdom ruled by Khara, Ravana's general
3. Rakhasa Ghatotkacha's kingdom in the Himalayas
4. Other kingdoms in the Himalayas
Nagas - Nagas were a group of people spread throughout India. These groups existed during the period of the epic Mahabharata. The demi-god tribes called Suparnas were arch-rivals of the Nagas. The Naga clans in Kerala and Kashmir were believed to be the original and indigenous abode of all of them. Places like Thiruananathapuram in Kerala and Anantnag in Kashmir attests these to be true.
1. The Great Serpent Ananta was the first among all the Naga kings. Thiruananthapuram was known as the adobe of Great Serpent Ananta. In the far ancient history, references are found as Kerala was mentioned as Patala the Nether world. The Nair clan is known as the descendants of Great Serpent Ananta.
2. The second Naga chief Vasuki had the kingdom near Kailasa.
3. The third chief Takshaka, in Takshasila both not far from Anantnag. Takshashila was named after Taksh, son of Bharat and nephew to Ram. His brother Pushkar founded Pushkalvati modern Peshawar, they were not nagas.
Bharat defeated Gandharvas. Gandharvas had killed his uncle and his sons and established their rule over Gandharva kingdoms, Gandhara. Takshaka lost his kingdom of Khandava and may have taken Gandhara for Nagas post Mahabharata. But subsequently he lost it to Janamjeya.
4. The kingdoms of other Nagas like Karkotaka and Airavata were also not far away.
5. The Kingdom of Aryaka was on Ganges. His great grand children included Krishna and Pandavas.
Nagas had kingdoms in Nagaland and Andhra Pradesh. Arjuna's wife Ulupi was from one of such Naga kingdom (in Gangetic Plain). Arjuna's another wife Chitrangada who was also known to Ulupi was from Manipur located in Northeastern India. There are now many Naga worshiping places in South India, especially in Andhra Pradesh, coastal Karnataka and Kerala.
Naga race was almost exterminated by Janamejaya. Janamejaya was the Kuru king in Arjuna's line. He conducted the massacre of Nagas at Takshasila. This massacre was stopped by Astika, a Brahmin whose mother was a Naga (Vasuki's sister Jaratkaru).
Suparnas - The Suparnas were also known as Garudas. They were probably the Falcon worshipping or falcon rearing tribes who conquered the Naga territories of northwest India. They were arch-rivals of the Nagas.
Garuda was a famous Suparna. They had the ability to fly in air without using an aircraft. According to some literature they had wings like that of Angels. Some believe that they were birds like the hawk or eagle. Some think that they were a race of intelligent Dragons in the family of dinosaurs that became extinct during the dawn of human civilizations.
Yet another view is that Nagas and Garudas were the two rival factions of the same tribe. Mahabharata also supported the view since it described the two races originating from two mothers who were sisters.
Vanaras - Vanaras were a tribe who dwelled within dense forests. During the time of Ramayana, the central part of Indian peninsula was covered by a dense forest by the name Dandaka Forest. Most of the Vanaras lived in this dense forest.
Kishkindha was their stronghold. This place had swayed the whole of the Vanara tribes spread all over the Indian Subcontinent. It was situated in this forest, located now near the Tungabhadra River in Karnataka state of India. Some literature described them as monkeys, some as apes.